how do i use a cocktail shaker properly 5
how do i use a cocktail shaker properly 5

Are you a fan of expertly mixed cocktails but feel intimidated by the mysterious art of using a cocktail shaker?

Fear not, as we are here to demystify the process and guide you through the steps of using a cocktail shaker properly.

From the essential tools you need to shaking techniques that will have you feeling like a pro, we’ve got you covered.

So grab that shaker, put on your mixologist hat, and let’s get shaking!

Types of Cocktail Shakers

Boston Shaker

The Boston shaker is one of the most common types of cocktail shakers. It consists of two separate pieces: a metal tin and a mixing glass. The tin is usually stainless steel, while the glass can be tempered or plastic.

The two pieces fit together snugly, creating a secure seal to prevent any spills during shaking. Many bartenders prefer the Boston shaker because it allows for faster and more efficient shaking due to its larger capacity.

Cobbler Shaker

The cobbler shaker is a classic three-piece shaker with a metal tin, a built-in filter, and a cap. It is an excellent option for beginners or home bartenders who want convenience and ease of use.

The built-in filter in the cobbler shaker eliminates the need for an additional strainer, making it a popular choice for those just starting to explore the world of cocktail making.

French Shaker

The French shaker, also known as the Parisian shaker, is similar to the Boston shaker in design. It consists of a metal tin and a mixing glass, just like the Boston shaker. However, unlike the Boston shaker, the French shaker has a built-in filter.

This makes it a versatile option for those who want a built-in strainer’s convenience without sacrificing the Boston shaker’s larger capacity and efficiency.

Choosing the Right Shaker

Consider Your Skill Level

When choosing a cocktail shaker, it’s essential to consider your skill level and experience in bartending. If you’re a beginner, a cobbler or French shaker with a built-in filter may be a better choice.

These shakers are easier to use and require less technique than the Boston shaker. However, if you’re an experienced bartender and prefer the larger capacity and efficiency of the Boston Shaker, then it might be the right choice for you.

Consider the Drinks You Want to Make

The type of cocktails you want to make can also influence your choice of shaker. A cobbler shaker or a French shaker would work well if you primarily make classic cocktails that don’t require intricate mixing techniques, such as a Martini or a Margarita.

However, the Boston shaker would be better if you’re interested in more advanced techniques like the “hard shake,” which is often used for certain tiki drinks.

Consider the Material

The material of the cocktail shaker is another factor to consider. Stainless steel shakers are the most popular choice due to their durability and professional appearance. They are also easier to clean and less prone to rust and corrosion.

However, there are also shakers made of glass or plastic, which can provide a different aesthetic and may be more suitable for home use. Ultimately, choose a material that suits your preferences and needs.

How Do I Use A Cocktail Shaker Properly?

Preparing the Shaker

Chill the Shaker

Before using your cocktail shaker, it’s important to chill it to ensure that your drink remains cold. You can chill the shaker by placing it in the freezer for a few minutes or by filling it with ice and water and letting it sit briefly.

Chilling the shaker helps maintain the ingredients’ temperature during shaking and prevents the ice from melting too quickly.

Select the Right Size of Ice Cubes

When preparing your shaker, choosing the right size of ice cubes is crucial. Large ice cubes are ideal as they melt more slowly, reducing dilution and keeping your cocktail nicely chilled.

If you only have access to small ice cubes, you can consider using more ice to compensate. Regardless of the size, try to use freshly made ice cubes, as they will be of better quality and won’t contribute any unwanted tastes or odors to your drink.

Prepare Ingredients

Before shaking your cocktail, make sure to prepare all the necessary ingredients. This includes measuring your cocktail recipe’s spirits, juices, syrups, and other components.

Having everything ready before you start shaking ensures a smooth and efficient process, especially when making multiple cocktails. It also allows for quick adjustments if you need to fine-tune the balance of flavors.

Proper Shaking Technique

Securely Close the Shaker

One of the most critical aspects of using a cocktail shaker properly is ensuring it is tightly sealed. This prevents any liquid from leaking out during shaking.

For Boston shakers, align the tin and the mixing glass, ensuring they fit snugly together before giving a firm tap to create a secure seal. For cobbler and French shakers, ensure the cap is placed tightly onto the tin, with the built-in filter appropriately aligned.

Hold the Shaker Properly

Holding the cocktail shaker correctly is essential to maintain control and prevent spills. Whether using a Boston shaker or a cobbler shaker, hold it firmly by placing one hand on the bottom or in part and the other on the top or cap part.

This grip allows for stability and control during shaking. Ensure your grip is secure, but don’t squeeze the shaker too tightly, as it may make it difficult to open after shaking.

The Shake Technique

When it comes to shaking, there are different techniques you can use depending on the cocktail and desired outcome. The most common technique is the classic shake, where you hold the shaker horizontally and shake it vigorously. This technique is suitable for most cocktails and ensures proper mixing of ingredients.

For certain drinks, like those containing egg whites, you may want to use a dry shake technique first. This involves shaking the ingredients without ice to emulsify the egg whites before adding ice and shaking again. The dry shake technique creates a lovely frothiness in cocktails like Whiskey Sours or Ramos Gin Fizzes.

How Do I Use A Cocktail Shaker Properly?

Straining the Cocktail

Types of Strainers

You’ll need a strainer to separate the liquid from the ice and other solid ingredients. There are two main cocktail strainers: the Hawthorne and Julep strainers.

The Hawthorne strainer is a versatile strainer that fits into the top of a Boston shaker or cobbler shaker and has a coiled spring that helps filter out ice and solids. The Julep strainer is a perforated spoon-like strainer used for straining cocktails directly from a mixing glass.

Using the Hawthorne Strainer

Hold a Hawthorne strainer in one hand with your index finger resting on the top of the coil. Insert the strainer into the shaker’s tin or cap, ensuring the coil sits snugly against the inside edge.

Use the stability of your fingers to hold the filter in place and pour the liquid out smoothly, allowing the filter to catch any ice or solids. Practice makes perfect, so don’t worry if it takes a few tries to get the hang of it!

Using the Julep Strainer

Hold a Julep strainer between your index and middle fingers while resting the bowl of the strainer on top of the tin or cap of the shaker.

The handle of the strainer should rest against the palm of your hand. Tilt the tin or cap slightly to one side to create a pouring angle, and pour the liquid through the strainer, allowing the perforations to catch any ice or solids. Like with the Hawthorne strainer, practice and fine-tuning your technique will help you master this method.

Tips for a Successful Shake

Create a Good Seal

Creating a good seal between the shaker parts is crucial to ensure a successful shake. Give your Boston shaker’s tin or mixing glass a firm tap to create a secure seal.

For cobbler and French shakers, ensure the cap is tightly screwed onto the tin and adequately aligned with the built-in filter. A good seal prevents leaks or spills during vigorous shaking and helps keep the drink’s temperature consistent.

Control the Amount of Ice

The amount of ice you use during shaking can impact the final result of your cocktail. Too much ice may result in an overly diluted drink, while too little ice can lead to insufficient chilling.

Filling your shaker about two-thirds full with ice cubes is generally recommended. This provides enough chilling power without compromising the integrity of the drink. Adjust the amount of ice as needed to achieve the desired balance in your cocktail.

Choose the Right Technique

Different shaking techniques can yield different outcomes depending on your cocktail. The classic shake, where you shake vigorously in an up-and-down motion, is suitable for most cocktails.

However, some recipes may call for a gentler shake or stir. Experiment with different techniques based on the cocktail recipe and personal preference. As you gain experience, you’ll develop a feel for the proper technique for each drink.

How Do I Use A Cocktail Shaker Properly?

Common Mistakes to Avoid

Overfilling the Shaker

One common mistake when using a cocktail shaker is overfilling it with ingredients. Overfilling can lead to spills and make achieving a good seal between the shaker parts difficult.

It’s important to leave enough space in the shaker to accommodate the shaking motion and prevent unwanted leaks. Follow recipe measurements and adjust as needed to ensure the proper amount of ingredients without overfilling.

Not Using Enough Ice

Insufficient ice can result in a cocktail that isn’t correctly chilled and may dilute too quickly. Using enough ice to provide adequate chilling power during shaking is essential.

As mentioned earlier, filling the shaker about two-thirds full with ice cubes is a good guideline. If making multiple cocktails, replenish the ice between each shake to maintain consistent results.

Shaking for Too Long

Shaking a cocktail too long can lead to over-dilution and result in a drink lacking balance and flavor. Shaking is to mix the ingredients and chill the cocktail, not to pulverize the ice completely.

A general rule of thumb is to shake for about 10-15 seconds or until the outside of the shaker becomes frosty. The exact timing may vary depending on the cocktail and the size of the ice cubes. Use your judgment and taste to determine the optimal shaking time for each recipe.

Caring for Your Shaker

Cleaning the Shaker

Properly cleaning your cocktail shaker is essential for maintaining longevity and preventing any off flavors in your drinks. After each use, rinse the shaker with warm water to remove residual ingredients.

Use a mild dish soap and a non-abrasive sponge to remove any sticky residue. Avoid using abrasive cleaners or scrubbers that can damage the shaker’s surface. Finally, dry the shaker thoroughly to prevent any rust or corrosion.

Storing the Shaker

Storing your cocktail shaker properly is essential to protect it from damage when not in use. If your shaker consists of separate parts, such as a Boston shaker, store them together to prevent misplacement.

If you have a cobbler or French shaker with a built-in filter, ensure the cap is securely attached to the tin. Store your shaker in a cool and dry place to avoid moisture buildup and potential damage.

Avoiding Rust and Corrosion

To avoid rust and corrosion on your cocktail shaker, it’s crucial to dry it thoroughly after each use. Leaving moisture on the shaker’s surface can lead to oxidation and damage over time.

If you notice any signs of rust, gently scrub the affected areas with lemon juice and salt. Rinse thoroughly and dry again. Regularly inspect your shaker for any signs of wear and tear, and replace it if necessary to ensure the best quality cocktails.

How Do I Use A Cocktail Shaker Properly?

Cocktails that Require Shaking


The Margarita is a classic cocktail that requires shaking to achieve the perfect balance of flavors. To make a Margarita, combine tequila, fresh lime juice, triple sec or orange liqueur, and simple syrup in a shaker with ice.

Shake vigorously for 10-15 seconds, and strain into a glass with or without ice. The shaking process helps to meld the ingredients together, creating a refreshing and well-balanced Margarita.


The Daiquiri is a simple and refreshing cocktail that also benefits from shaking. To make a classic Daiquiri, combine white rum, fresh lime juice, and simple syrup in a shaker with ice.

Shake vigorously for 10-15 seconds, and strain into a chilled coupe or cocktail glass. Shaking the ingredients helps to incorporate air and create a velvety texture, delivering a delightful balance of sweet and citrus flavors.

Whiskey Sour

The Whiskey Sour is a timeless cocktail that requires the perfect shake to achieve its signature tang and frothy texture. To make a Whiskey Sour, combine whiskey, fresh lemon juice, and simple syrup in a shaker with ice.

Shake vigorously for 10-15 seconds to emulsify the ingredients and create a delicious foam. Strain into a rocks glass over ice and garnish with a cherry or lemon twist. The shaking process ensures a well-incorporated blend of flavors and a visually appealing presentation.


Mastering the art of shaking can elevate your cocktail-making skills, allowing you to create delicious and well-balanced drinks. You can ensure a successful outcome by choosing the proper shaker for your needs, properly preparing the shaker, using the correct shaking technique, and straining the cocktail carefully.

Avoid common mistakes, take care of your shaker, and experiment with different recipes to truly enjoy the fruits of your labor. So grab your shaker, shake, and savor the satisfaction of creating exceptional cocktails at home! Cheers!

How Do I Use A Cocktail Shaker Properly?